Pedodontics (pediatric dentistry) is a department which aims the protection of the milk and permanent teeth of the children aged 0-13, eliminates the problems like cavities, trauma, hereditary and similar factors.
Milk teeth begin to erupt on average in the sixth and eighth months after the birth and are located in the upper and lower jaw when the child is 2,5 years old (30 months old), including 20 teeth. As a result of the growing of permanent teeth under the milk teeth in the anterior area around at the age of 6-7, the roots of the milk teeth begin to melt and after a while the milk teeth are pulled or drop.
During the continuation of primary teeth some general and regional changes are observed in infants. These are loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, restlessness, increased saliva flow, itching and redness in the gums. There is no cure for the elimination of these findings. However, gel can be used externally to feed the baby comfortably and relief of the pain. In addition, some syrups can be used to resolve the itching.
Children should be taken to the dentist for the first dental check after it evaporated. After that children should visit to the dentist every 6 months in order to control. Clinical examination by a dentist of the child is two-fold:Stage 1: Outside Oral Examination
The most frequently seen in the lower front teeth Intraoral examination. Ektopikeruspiyon ” is the abnormal continuance of tooth. Persistent tooth and cutter are susceptible to lead ectopic. This situation can cause milk breakers to melt early stem. Early melting of the roots of the second milk molars in the back is another example of ectopic. Ectopic riding is usually between the ages of 5-8. If 7-year-old lost a child have milk canines or molars unerupted permanent eruption suspected. When the lower front teeth falls off or drawback., ectopic riding milk-breakers spontaneous remission.
Oral care should be initiated when the baby is 6-8 months old (ie when the first teeth appear in the mouth). It is recommended to clean the teeth by wiping a clean gauze or gauze cloth before going to bed and after breakfast in the morning. The use of toothbrushes is recommended when the child's milk molar tooth is erupted (approximately when the child is 2.5-3 years old).
There is still no medication to prevent tooth decay or for its self-healing. However, with preventive measures, it is possible to reduce the formation of decays and increase the resistance of the teeth against decays. Among these methods, the process of covering the teeth with the material we call ”fissure sealant” comes first. Tooth decays usually start in the so-called “fissure” grooves that are on the chewing parts of molar tooth and premolar. With the material we mentioned, it is prevented from decaying and the leakage of substances such as bacteria and food residue. This process is applied to milk and permanent teeth. Another way to prevent cavities is to increase the resistance of the teeth to decay. This can be done by topical fluoride application; it increases the resistance of teeth to decay.
Fluoride is an element that prevents the tooth decay and strengthens the structure of the teeth. Fluoride is found in certain nutrients such as in toothpastes. However, because children often neglect to brush their teeth, they don’t take enough fluoride to gain resistance against cavities. In order to prevent this situation “superficial fluoride” implementations are made. The implementation of superficial fluoride is particularly applicable in children whose teeth tend to decay. Thus, sufficient amount of fluoride is stored on the teeth and the structure of the teeth is strengthened by providing resistance to decay.
Teeth chewing surfaces are indented. These varioles and mounds are called pits and fissures. These areas are quite narrow and are often the places where the cavities start because the food is not cleaned. In order to prevent the accumulation of food and microorganisms in these areas and thereby tooth decay, a special fluid padding is used. First, this area is completely cleaned and the fluff filling we call the fissure filler is implemented to this area.