Oral and Maxillofacial surgery is the department for teeth and jaw treatment that is done with the help of clinical and radiographic methods, local- general anesthesia or under sedation in the operating room environment.
Many subjects related to oral and dental health such as impacted dental extraction, dental extraction, treatment of implant, jaw fracture, detection and treatment of jaw tumor, abscess and cysts, arrangement of tissues prior to prosthesis and orthodontic treatment include maxillofacial surgery. The medical and aesthetic treatment of any kind of hereditary or later pathological source in the jaw, mouth and face is evaluated within the scope of oral and maxillofacial treatment.
The implant or dental implant is a screw or stem shaped structure made of titanium, which is placed inside the jaw bones and is intended to accept the bone around it as a part of itself.
Since implant placement is a surgical procedure, the quality of the materials that are used, sterilization and hygiene are the most important criteria. One week is sufficient for implant treatment. In addition, self-dissolving stitches can be treated in one day, but temporary prosthesis is not possible. The first stage of your treatment is implant treatment, and in the second stage, the implant is expected to knit to your bone between 3-6 months and then the porcelain will be placed on the implant within a week. The construction time of a single implant is approximately 10-15 minutes.The time elapsed after the start of an implant is only 3-4 minutes. During this period, the patient certainly does not feel pain due to anesthesia. After 2-3 hours drowsiness goes off, taking a painkiller may be required in first two days.
Today, thanks to the development of science and technology and their contribution to dentistry, the treatment of the teeth and keeping them in the mouth is primarily aimed. Tooth extraction is the process of removing the tooth from the socket called the socket in the bone.
The reason why impacted wisdom teeth is a problem is that genetically this tooth is not needed and our jaws are shrinking. As our jaws shrink, wisdom teeth are forced to find a place for themselves and therefore cannot grow like other teeth. The wisdom teeth, which cannot find their place, push the frontal teeth and this causes crooked teeth. They are also easily inflamed because they are too far behind and they do not have a normal anatomical structure.