Periodontology is the discipline of dentistry that examines the clinical and microscopic structure of the hard and soft tissues around the teethes, identifies the diseases that affect these tissues, administers treatments and keeps the teeth’s health.
Although bacterial plaque is the main reason of periodontal diseases, also smoking, systemic diseases, medications, stress and nutrition can affect gingival health. In addition, the dental treatment must be done carefully in order not to occur any complications by diseases or situations that affects the general body system.
However, periodontal disease can reach to advanced stages without any symptoms. Therefore, it is extremely important to go to the dentist at regular intervals.
AAwareness of oral and dental hygiene need to be provided,
in advanced diseases, periodontal surgical procedures (gum operations) are applied to prevent gingival recession and bone loss and to prevent recurrence. Surgical and mechanical treatments can be performed with classical or laser applications. Laser applications have been used in gingival diseases in recent years.
The most important task in preventing periodontal disease fall to the person himself. For the maintenance of oral and dental health, bacterial dental plaques should be removed by daily oral care procedures (tooth brushing and using dental floss). It is equally important to visit the dentist at regular intervals. Although daily oral care procedures minimizing tartar formation, they are not completely sufficient. A dentist's evaluation of areas that are not accessible by toothbrush, dental floss or other cleaning means is important for the removal of the current dental plaque and / or tartar.
The bad smell on the breath may be due to a serious systemic disease that requires diagnosis and treatment, even if it is due to an oral disease such as poor oral hygiene or an advanced gingival disease, rooting teeth, half-buried twenty-year-old teeth. However, it is usually oral.
How to treat; In addition to oral hygiene training, oral hygiene and especially for the treatment of periodontal diseases should be done by professional physicians in the field of dentistry.
The most important cause of the gingival disease in the mouth of the tartar is a transparent and sticky layer called the bacterial dental plaque in the mouth. This layer can be away from the mouth by brushing two times a day . However, when effective cleaning is not performed, it is transformed into a hard, semi-permeable, rough, adhering substance on the tooth surface by the effect of saliva. This is called tartar or calculus. It is formed on the gingival and in the form of deposits between the teeth. There are many microbes in these deposits. This deposit is called a microbial dental plaque. If this plaque is not removed from the mouth, it becomes calcareous and turn into tartar that causes gingival diseases.