What is root canal treatment?
Canal treatment is a form of treatment used when the pulp cannot be repaired. Pulp can be defined as the tissue that is located in the innermost part of the tooth and is responsible for the development, nutrition and defense of the tooth. Usually broken teeth or deep caries cause inflammation of the pulp. If the damaged or inflamed nerve is not removed from the site, it can cause serious problems such as tooth loss by causing infection in the teeth and surrounding tissues. After removal of the pupal tissue, ie, the nerve, the canal cavity should be cleaned, shaped and filled with canal fillers. These procedures are defined as canal treatment.
Which department deals with root canal?
Root canal treatment is performed by endodontics specialists, the main branch of dentistry.
What are the situations where the root canal treatment is needed?
- Spontaneous and long-lasting toothache
- Pain that does not go away even when painkillers are used at night
- Prolonged pain after external contact such as tooth contact, hot or cold
- Swelling in the gum, around the tooth or related lymph nodes
- Fistula or tooth discoloration caused by dental infection
What are the differences between root canal treatment and tooth filling?
Root canal filling is the process of filling the root nerve after the removal of the root nerve, which is treated in the endodontics department, while filling is the restoration of the tooth according to the damage seen in the mouth and is examined by the restorative dental department.
Is tooth extraction needed as a result of dental inflammation?
Thanks to the development of substances and techniques used in root canal treatment, the majority of abscesses seen at the root tips can be treated and thus there is no need to pull the tooth.
How is root canal treatment done?
Canal treatment is usually completed within one hour and the treatment process is as follows;
In the first step, anesthesia is applied to the tooth in order to avoid pain.
In the second step, the decayed tooth is cleaned and the inflamed nerve, pulp, is removed, the remaining nerve residues are removed.
In the third step, the channels are expanded and the channel is washed with solutions.
In the fourth step, if there is a treatment process that will not be done at once, medication is added to the canals to accelerate healing and temporary filling.
In the last step, the canals are filled to the root end with special fillers compatible with the tissue.
What is laser canal treatment?
The tooth roots are tapered towards the end, which is why sometimes there may be left some residue. Laser channel treatment by using fiber optic cable or endodontic fiber leads to increase the heat in the canal and the thinner residues from the pulp is removed, increasing the success rate of treatment. Laser treatment penetrates into the root structures that cannot be reached by conventional treatment methods and shows antibacterial effect on the microorganisms trapped in the deepest.
Can teeth become brittle after root canal treatment?
After the root canal treatment, the stem cells that feed your teeth will be removed and the teeth will become more brittle, so after the root canal treatment, dental veneers may be preferred.
Does root canal treatment need to be repeated?
It is completed in one session unless there are advanced problems and the success rate of treatment is around 90-95%. Therefore, after the root canal treatment, you do not need to perform a procedure on the same tooth again.